2017 FDA/DEA Alert DEA DEA FDA FDA Federal DEA Ban Government supplement

Dietary supplement “ingredients” prohibited by the Department of Defense

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The following are substances that have at one time appeared, or currently appear, as ingredients in products labeled as dietary supplements that FDA or the U.S. Armed Services have disallowed for one reason or other. In addition, all prescription drugs and controlled substances* are not permitted for use in or as dietary supplements, but only a few are listed here. Since DoD follows federal guidelines with regard to dietary supplements, this list is provided to help military service members keep track of things to avoid when considering dietary supplement products.

Common name
Other names
Reason “not allowed”
Reference links
Acacia rigidula
  • A. rigidula
  • Vachellia rigidula
  • Chaparro Prieto
  • blackbrush
New dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use FDA: Acacia rigidula in Dietary Supplements
Aconite
  • Aconitum
  • wolfsbane
Potentially fatal poison. Listed in FDA’s poisonous plant database In FDA’s Poisonous Plant-Database: (one example of more than 200 entries; see search)
Aegeline
  • N-2-hydroxy-2(4-methoxyphenyl) ethyl-3-phenyl-2-propenamide
  • Aegle marmelos, bael
New dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use. Associated adverse events reported ** FDA Investigation Summary: Acute Hepatitis Illnesses Linked to Certain OxyElite Pro Products and FDA Consumer Update: OxyElite Pro Supplements Recalled
Aromatase inhibitors Including, but not limited to:

  • 1,4,6 etioallocholan-dione
  • 3,17-keto-etiocholetriene
  • Androsta-1,4,6-triene-3,17-dione (androstatrienedione)
  • Androsta-3,5-diene-7,17-dione (arimistane)
Drugs—some approved, some unapproved FDA Enforcement Report
Betaphrine
  • isopropylnorsynephrine
  • isopropyloctopamine
Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient FDA new dietary ingredient response letter
BMPEA
  • β-methylphenylethylamine
  • R-beta methylphenylethylamine
  • beta-methylphenethylamine (HCl)
  • 1-amino-2-phenylpropane
  • 2-phenylpropan-1-amine
  • 2-phenylpropylamine
  • alpha-benzylethylamine
  • 1-phenyl-1-methyl-2-aminoethane
  • beta-methylbenzeneethanamine
  • beta-phenylpropylamine
  • 2- phenyl-1-propanamine
Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient FDA: BMPEA in Dietary Supplements
DMAA
  • 1,3-dimethylamylamine
  • see DMAA list for more
Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient Reports of serious adverse events FDA: DMAA in Dietary Supplements
DMBA
  • 1,3-dimethylbutylamine
  • AMP citrate
  • 4-amino-2-methylpentane citrate
  • Amperall
  • Methylpentane citrate (HCl)
  • 4-methyl-2-pentanamine citrate
  • 4-AMP, 4-AMP citrate
New dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use FDA: DMBA in Dietary Supplements
Ephedra
  • Ephedrine
  • Ma huang
  • Ephedra sinica
  • Mormon tea
  • Ephedra alkaloids
Regulation passed specifically to ban ephedra due to unreasonable risk of illness or injury FDA: Guidance for Industry: Final Ruling Declaring Dietary Supplements Containing Ephedrine Alkaloids Adulterated…
HCG
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin
Prescription drug FDA: Questions and Answers on HCG Products for Weight Loss
HGH
  • Human growth hormone
Prescription drug DEA: Human Growth Hormone
IGF
  • Insulin-like growth factor
Unapproved drug OPSS FAQ about IGF-1
Kratom
  • Mitragyna speciosa korth
  • Maeng Da
New dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use; deadly risks associated with its use FDA Import Alert 54-15 and Statement from FDA…
Methylsynephrine
  • oxilofrine
  • p-hydroxyephedrine
Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient FDA: Methylsynephrine in Dietary Supplements
Phenibut
  • Noofen
  • Citrocard
  • fenibut
  • 4-amino-3-phenyl-butyric acid
See OPSS FAQ OPSS FAQ about phenibut
Picamilon
  • pikatropin
  • pikamilon
  • nicotinyl-gamma-aminobutyric acid
  • nicotinyl-GAB
  • 4-(pyridine-3-carbonylamino) butanoic acid
  • sodium;4-(pyridine-3-carbonylamino)butanoate
Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient FDA: Picamilon in Dietary Supplements
Pseudoephedrine Numerous brand names; most common is “Sudafed” Prescription drug FDA: Legal Requirements for the Sale and Purchase of Drug Products Containing Pseudoephedrine…
Racetams
  • piracetam (most common)
  • aniracetam
  • pramiracetam
  • oxiracetam
Synthetic substances that currently do not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient FDA new dietary ingredient response letter
Redotex This is a brand-name product with multiple ingredients. Unapproved new drug FDA Import Alert 66-35
Salvia divinorum
  • Salvinorin A
  • Diviner’s Sage
  • Sally D
  • Magic Mint
  • Ska Maria pastora
Prohibited by all individual U.S. military services OPSS FAQ about salvia
SARMs Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators: See OPSS SARMs list Currently unapproved new drugs FDA in Brief: FDA warns against using SARMs in body-building products
*For a list of controlled substances, please visit the Drug Enforcement Agency to download the current version.
**Other ingredients in this list might have had adverse events associated but not reported to FDA.

Updated 16 November 2017

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